Tag Archives: investing

Investing in stocks

Investing in stocks

If you are a new investor wanting to make money, or an experienced baby-boomer investor and you are struggling with questions like- How should I begin investing in stocks? – What are the things to keep in mind before I invest in a stock? – What kind of research is required to invest in stocks? – Which stocks should I invest in? How can I make money in stocks without taking a risk? You will be happy to note that you are not alone in facing these questions. Every investor faces the same questions. And there is no one particular answer to these questions. You need to figure out the answers yourself.

You need to research stocks

One of the most important things you need to do is research on stocks. If you don’t want to do research, then you should not be in the stock market as a retail investor. In that case, you should invest in mutual funds that have professional management researching stocks and investing in them on your behalf. Of course, they will charge their money, but they should ideally give you more return than the stocks that you bought without doing any research.

investing in stocks

 

Are you investing in stocks or trading stocks?

The second important thing is to understand whether you should be day trading. Day trading is nothing but gambling, to put it in plain words. Of course, your stockbroker will be very happy if you indulge in day trading as he or she sure to make money irrespective of your loss or profit. I have not seen a retail investor who has made money consistently in day trading. Day trading is a gamble that entices many people in the hope of making a few quick bucks, but most of them are  losers. If your stockbroker knew how to make fast money as in day-trading as a retail investor, he or she would have been doing it herself. He is doing what assures him good money.

Are you investing in stocks for the long term?

And finally, let’s discuss short-term vs long term investments. If you are investing for a short time, essentially you are gambling again. We will try to explain this with an example. If you have bought a stock and you believe its real value is much higher than its current price, and you will make money later when the market realizes the actual importance of the stock. However, as happens, the cost of a stock is also dependent on the liquidity situation and market sentiments.

Suppose the feelings turn negative and the stock market tanks. Most likely, your stock will also tank along with the market. If you are a short-term investor, you will have to get out of the stock after some time. If the market doesn’t turn around by then, you will have lost money on your investment. However, if you are a long-term investor, you will hold on to your stock. The market will recover one day, and you will be able to sell your stock at a price which is higher than the price you bought it for. Therefore, your chances of making money on stocks are high if you are a long-term investor. If your investment horizon is short, you should invest your money in other safer investment avenues.

How To Start Investing With Any Kind Of Budget

How to start investing with any kind of budget

start investing

Before this month, the Dow Jones Industrial Average hit 22,000 for the very first time, strengthening this current bull market even more. But if you are among the many who are not quite certain what those number mean, you might still be wondering just where to begin.

The fantastic thing is that now more than ever, automated investing — or even “robo-advisory” — resources are simply a couple clicks away. Acorns, Wealthfront, and Betterment are only a couple of the newest investment programs that democratize investments by providing a simple on boarding process for aspiring new investors. This squashes the current stigma of the stock market being only for the rich and famous. That age is over — now, all spare change is welcome!

So you want to learn how to invest? Great!

Whether you are seeking to improve your savings by a couple bucks or a couple hundred bucks, there are a couple of strategies to consider before you dip your feet in the water.

Start by asking yourself where you stand now. Do you have a student loan or credit card debt? If that’s the case, understanding the rates of interest of these loans can give you a better understanding of a few things. Should you be paying these loans down first, or is the interest rate low enough that you feel your investment returns will beat the interest paid on these loans.

As an example, a credit card is almost always a debt burden that will be impossible to outperform. It will probably make more sense to spend cash paying off that debt prior to investing. The average credit card interest rate of 16 percentage is much greater than the typical seven percent return on investment — thus making the decision a fairly simple one.

Get your goals down on paper

There is no time like the present to write down your short and long term targets. Knowing what type of savings you would like to achieve in the near future — like an emergency fund or holiday fund — can help you comprehend what you can realistically manage to put toward investing. Generally, the stock market is a strong long-term investment plan. Money placed in the stock market should never be removed unless absolutely needed Identifying what you want your cash to achieve for you (and by when) is useful before starting out.

Don’t let emotions get the best of you

Investing is a gradual and continuous race which normally requires some meticulousness — not just in setting money aside, but preventing any psychological choices as the stock exchange goes up and down. Emotional investing can create a disaster in your portfolio. Consider automated buying in tools or online advisory solutions, for example LearnVest and Ellevest. These can help you navigate what makes the best sense for you personally.

Consider not doing it yourself

When mobile programs and internet tools are not your thing, and you are feeling ready to become serious about investing, consider working with a certified financial planner or an investment adviser. They will help you through the steps and stick with you while you reach your fiscal objectives and life goals — if that means a marriage, new condominium, livelihood, infant, or any of the above!

It’s different for everyone

Keep in mind that investment isn’t a one-size-fits-all pursuit. Just like the majority of money-related challenges, it boils down to where you are and where you need to go financially. This may be just as much of a lifestyle choice as a financial decision.

There are lots of approaches to begin investing with any kind of budget. There are lots of online and program based platforms which makes it easier than ever. All you need to do is get learning and get started. When you do, it is going to get incrementally easier as you gather more experience, and also you will thank yourself later down the road as you become more financially stable. If you have any questions about my website or article, feel free to head to my contact page and drop me a line!

Investing In Stocks – Things You Need To Know

 Investing In Stocks – Things You Need To Know

investing in stocks

A stock is an equity investment that represents some kind of ownership in a company and gives you the right to a portion relative to your holdings in the corporation’s earnings and assets. They don’t really issue actual “shares” anymore. Presently, share ownership is basically electronically recorded. These shares are held in a street name generally by your brokerage. Investing in stocks is a highly rewarding endeavor. In fact, it is best to recognize all of your investment plans as a business. This is what Benjamin Graham (Warren Buffett’s stock market mentor) highly recommended. Before buying your first stock, you should master the fundamentals of investing in said stocks. This article won’t make you a great investor overnight. You learn how to invest after years of experience and knowledge.

How do you purchase or buy stock?

The first time you go to purchase stocks can be confusing. When you sell or buy stock, you’re actually executing a trade. The time to execute your trade varies from broker to broker as well as market to market. Trades are in essence instant, unless you are trading a stock that has very low daily volume. You won’t actually notice a large price difference in the duration between placing your order and the execution.

After placing an order, your broker will most likely route the order through their sophisticated computer networks to acquire your shares. In some circumstances your order may never leave the broker .Your brokerage might need to clear out the shares of the corporation they own so they sell you the stock themselves.

There are four primary ways to invest your money in stocks

Investing through brokers: These are the intermediaries who bring together buyers and sellers when executing trades. The brokerage operations are done by a professional security market analyst. Brokers are licensed to act on behalf of the buyer and seller. Brokers also inform and consult the client on risk related matters.

Investing through an IRA/RRSP: This method offers a larger selection for investment within the account as compared to an employer sponsored plan like the 401k. In most cases you can buy different individual stocks. Additionally you can decide to trade options. You can decide not to do any of these things and choose a robo-advisor (a computer-powered investment manager) — to manage all the operations for you.

Investors can invest through mutual funds as well as exchange traded funds or index funds. Through a fund, you’re actually buying a portfolio of investments instead of a single stock. For instance, an S&P 500 index fund, invests in about 500 of the largest U.S. corporations; it is classified as a “large cap” fund for that matter (“cap” can be described as the valuation of companies).

Investing through a direct stock purchase plan or even dividend investment plans: Direct stock purchase plans (DSPP) are investment services that allow an investor to purchase stocks directly from a company or even through a transfer agent. It is critical to note that not all corporations offer DSPPs, and the plans most of the time are restricted based on when an investor can purchase shares. Through the use of this plan you can avoid costly commissions.

Investing through a 401k plan or 403b plan if you work for a nonprofit organization: Your retirement money can vary depending on the type of savings account you have. For a long-term goal like a retirement plan, most people want to invest mostly in stocks which have a high chance to earn more than inflation. Including some cash or bonds to your portfolio can greatly help in reducing the volatility of your general portfolio. A well-diversified portfolio for instance with a mix of stocks, commodities and bonds can provide the highest returns.

Advantages of investing in stocks

  •  Stocks are very easy to buy these days. This has been made even easier by discount online brokerages.
  •  It is a way of maximizing your wealth. Money cannot grow significantly sitting in a savings account.
  •  It is a better way to hedge against inflation.

Types of Stocks

1. Common stocks 

When investing in stocks, you basically acquire an ownership role in the actual business. You also acquire ownership in net earnings and available dividends resulting from the firm’s operations. Equities (stocks) have been the highest returning asset group and have produced the most wealth out of any other investment.

2. Preferred Stocks

This is a special type of stock which pays higher dividends but has limited upside. The difference between common and preferred stocks is that common stock provides shareholders with voting rights but there is no guarantee of dividend payments. On the other hand the preferred stocks give no voting rights although it usually guarantees a dividend payment.

 

Finding good “value” stocks

These are stocks for companies that have low price to earnings ratio, low price to sales ratio and low price to book ratio. In other words, these stocks are under priced when compared to other companies in the market. Many investors opt to invest in common stock rather than preferred stock. The growth (and loss) potential for this asset is relatively higher. If you are interested in some strategies that the greatest investor of all time Warren Buffett uses, check out my previous article here.

The following are some of the steps you can employ when investing in stocks:

1. Determine what kind of investor you are and what sector you’d like to focus on

It is important to consider investing from the sector which you know best. You can either choose the stocks yourself or request that an advisor do it for you. It all depends on you, the investor. There are numerous investment styles out there and you need to find one that suits you!

 

2. Choose either mutual funds or stocks

Mutual funds allow you to purchase small portions of different stocks in a single transaction. Think of mutual funds like a basket filled with different types of stocks. ETFs and Index funds track an index; for example, a S&P 500 fund replicates that index through purchasing the stock of the companies inside of it. After investing in the fund, you also own some small pieces of the companies. You are allowed to put several funds together in order to build a diversified portfolio. For individual stocks, you can purchase a single share or even few shares if you are interested in a specific company. Try to diversify your portfolio if you choose to go the individual investment route as a portfolio that is not diversified is subject to a lot of risk if the sector tanks.

The advantage of mutual funds is that sometimes they are inherently diversified. This lowers your risk. They are however unlikely to increase as much as some individual stocks might. There is also an issue arising right now that is really shining a light on some of the fees that mutual funds are charging and how investors would be better off going elsewhere.

3. Opening an account

After analyzing your budget and the type of investment vehicle you want to get into, it is very important to open up an account so that you can begin trading. In case you’re opening a new account, you need to take into account the brokers that have relatively low account minimums and low fees. This will save you a lot of money in the end, especially if you are deciding to trade.

4. Carry out proper Research

In conclusion, research is very critical before you decide to invest in a stock. This is made to help you with the basics of trading. You can’t predict the market, although you can do as much as possible to direct your portfolio towards [positive returns. This means that researching past performance, recent news and analyst ratings and the companies quarterly and annual reports is imperative. This information should be available in your broker’s website.

If this article hasn’t helped you enough, feel free to check out this great Youtube video I found!

Warren Buffett Strategies – What You Need To Do In 2018

Warren Buffett Strategies – What You Need To Deploy In 2018

 

Warren Buffett Strategies

If you wish to invest like Warren Buffett, then it is important to understand the basic principles he follows for investing in companies. You might wonder how complicated it is to understand the investment strategies that he follows. I’m here to tell you it’s not hard at all, Buffett follows a list of very simple but intriguing investing fundamentals prior to choosing a company.
By carefully following these principles, you will soon be able to buy stocks like Buffett that will turn out to be extremely profitable over the long haul. You may not become as rich as the man himself, but you will definitely increase your net worth following his simple strategies.

1) Buffett finds companies that are undervalued

 

The first step for Buffett is to search out companies that have healthy financial statements in terms of profitability and the annual turnover. But there is a catch, their stocks are undervalued in the market, and the public does not properly foresee the market potential of the company operating so well in terms of its products and services. To understand the scenario, it is important to go through the financial statements of the past five years of the company that you have chosen to invest in. The picture becomes even more clear if you analyze the accounts of the last ten years of the business if it has been in the market for that long. This strategy clearly points out the fact that if you want to invest like Warren Buffett then you have to pick a company that has been operating in the market for at least five years or more. Therefore, the market’s new entrants are a poor strategy for making a safe and worthwhile investment according to Buffett.

 

2) Buffett picks companies with a competitive edge

 

Buffett shows his keen interest in companies that are either enjoying a monopoly in the market, or if they have a product or service which has an edge over the rest of the competitive companies in their industry. Therefore, to buy stocks like Buffett you will have to screen the market for such companies that meet the above-mentioned criteria of being a profitable company, having a monopoly or close to in the industry, and having products that simply trump the competitors.

 

3) Buffett likes consistently profitable businesses

 

Warren Buffett makes sure that any company he invests in is generating profits in a consistent manner. You can find this out by analyzing the past financial statements of the company. A positive  situation indicates that the management is making efforts in improving the operations of the company and for coping with the dynamic external factors prevailing in the market. The profitability can easily be judged by simply looking at the profitability ratios of the business for the past three to five years. Moreover, there are a few other things that you can look at to tell if the company is running smoothly; these include the annual amount of dividends distributed by the company among its stakeholders and the issue of bonus shares to employees. To be deserving of your investment, the company must have the quality of generating huge profits.

 

4) Buffett doesn’t like debt

 

 Buffett prefers the companies that run themselves more on equity as compared to borrowed funds. What this means is that the company  must hold a low debt-equity ratio, which indicates that its earnings will not fall victim to huge interest that is usually charged on debts. Lower debt means that all the earnings made at the end of the year are free from the liability of paying back a principal amount along with an additional amount known as the markup. The most ideal situation that one may find is a huge company running on 100% equity, because the development and growth require huge funds – resulting in borrowing.

 

5) The price must be right

 

It is important to understand this if you want to invest like Warren Buffett; it states that one must evaluate the worth of the shares of a company as per its profitability and see if it is being sold at a rate close to your estimated value. The ideal value that you calculate can also be named as the intrinsic value of the stock and if this value is below the company’s total market capitalization, then it means that the public has undervalued the stock. It is very hard to correctly ascertain the intrinsic value of the company, as it requires skill and a good backhand speculation to turn your observation into a successful investment. However, Warren Buffett does not find it hard to figure out what the company can earn him.

 

According to Warren Buffett, if the intrinsic value is more than 25% of the company’s market capitalization, then it is worthy of investing. But if not, then he stays away from such a company where things might not work out in his favor due to the overpriced asset valuation. Warren Buffett’s intrinsic value calculation is probably the most prized possession of any value investor. In short, Buffett calculate a stocks intrinsic value by estimating the company’s future cash flows and discounting them by a ten year federal note. More about this intrinsic value calculation can be found at a website called BuffettsBooks.

Warren Buffett Quotes

6) You must know the business

 

The most important strategy Buffett uses is to pick a business that you understand well. In simpler terms, select the market that is easily predictable compared to some newly defined markets. Warren Buffett has always opted for companies that are in FMCG, energy and IT business, and have a proven historical record of favorable returns.

 

6) Summing it up

 

On the crux, it would be right to say that to buy stocks like Warren Buffett you have to get a little bit technical. But this is absolutely appropriate, because you will reduce your chances of being left empty handed with no returns. By following the investment fundamentals that Warren Buffett practices for growing his wealth, you will minimize your risks without reducing your chances of a huge return from the investment. Hopefully these starting points have provided a nice foundation for your investment strategies. If you’d like to talk more about Buffett strategies, feel free to drop me a line on my contact page!